The following resources are intended as a guide to aid in your research.  The list is by no means comprehensive, but is intended as a starting point as you consider the different aspects of the topic.  If you need further assistance with any of these resources, check with the reference desk on the third floor of the library.




The library has many books dealing with the kidney – physiology, disease, and nutrition.  These are found in the circulating collection and in the reference section of the library (directly behind the library terminals) on the third floor of the library.  Check the online catalog.  Click on “Library Catalog:” and try a subject search under “kidneys,” but don’t forget related terms like renal physiology, renal disease, and nephrology.  Some of the current relevant books on this topic in the circulating collection have been put on reserve behind the circulation desk on the third floor of the library so they will be available to more students. If you are browsing the shelves, the books on the kidney are in the section RC902, those on the kidney and nutrition are RC903, and those dealing with renal physiology are QP249.  There are also some very good reference books on the kidneys in the reference area RC902.  When working on the section on renal diseases, you might want to consult some of the reference diagnosis books like Ferri’s Clinical Advisor (Ref RC55 .F47 2003), Current Diagnosis (Ref RC71 .A13), Conn’s Current Therapy (Ref RM101 .C87 2003), or Griffith’s 5-Minute Clinical Consult 2003 (Ref RC55 .F5 2003).


Useful Databases


Ebscohost – Contains several full-text databases.  The most useful for this assignment would be AltHealth Watch, AMED (not full text), CINAHL (some full text), Health Source: Nursing/Academic Edition, and Academic Search Premier.  You can limit by peer reviewed and full text.  (But don’t sell the topic short by asking only for full-text.)  Remember as you construct your search strategy to consider all possibilities of terms (eg. kidneys, renal physiology, renal disease, nephrology, kidney AND nutrition, etc.).


PubMed – Will probably have useful information for this assignment.  To have greater success in finding articles from journals found in our libraryand to limit the results to a manageable amount, click on the “Limits” button just under the search box.  Scroll down to”Dates.”  Use the drop-down by “Published in the last” and choose 5 years.  Then scroll down to “Subsets” and limit by the subset “core clinical journals.”  Our library does try to subscribe to most of the core clinical journals in the medical field.  Finally, scroll down to “Publication Types,” and limit by “Review.”  This type of article will give you an overview of the topic rather than an in-depth discussion of one aspect of the topic.  PubMed has mostly citation and abstract information, although it does contain some full-text articles.  By changing the display to “Abstract” you will see an icon (PHSL ONLINE or PHSL IN PRINT) if Palmer subscribes to the journal the article is in, and you will be able to link through to those that are online.  For the PHSL IN PRINT you will need to refer to the blue Journals List on the third floor of the library near the computer terminals for the journal call number and locate the print copy on the shelf.


Other Medical Journals- Accessed from the library home page, click on “PHSL eJournals.”  Scroll down to “Free Medical Health Journals” and click on the link.  The following page lists several sources of free journal articles.  Free Medical indexes 990 medical journals in full-text.  The drawback is that you must search each journal individually--there is no common search interface.  However, the journals are also listed by specialty; you could search the journals listed under “internal medicine,” “nephrology,” or “nutrition” to access articles relevant to your topic.  Highwire Press searches over its database of journals and the results list is presented by category so you can further narrow your search. It also allows you to search for related articles based on the subject headings you choose from the list presented with each article.  BioMed Central contains full-text, peer-reviewed articles from open access journals.  From the home page, click on "advanced search" from the top menu bar, and enter your search terms in the resulting search screen.  Make sure the left drop down menus are "ALL FIELDS (FULL TEXT)" if you are using keywords.  The results will state whether the article is free.


MANTIS – This database will be useful when discussing chiropractic and nutrition in relationship to renal disease, since this database indexes articles on alternative therapies.  After clicking on “Advanced Search” and entering your search terms, scroll down to Step 2 and limit by the discipline “chiropractic.”


Index to Chiropractic Literature – This database will be helpful when discussing chiropractic in relationship to renal disease.  Use the broad search of “kidney” or “renal” when using this database to find more focused articles on just that topic.


MD Consult – After running a keyword search, you will get a partial list of results.  To get the complete list in any category, click on “more results” to the right in each heading.  The category of Current Practice might help you answer some of the questions in Parts 2 & 3.  The category of Textbooks should help for sections 1 & 2.  To get back to the results list from any category, use the navigational pane to the left of the screen.


Wiley Interscience – This database is a collection of scientific journals that will give you access to excellent journal articles on kidney failure, renal physiology and similar search strategies.  We do not subscribe to all of their content, so you may not be able to get full text in all cases.  Also, this database is accessible from campus only.    



Useful Internet Web Sites


MEDLINEplus - This site originates from the National Library of Medicine.  It has very good basic information on the kidney, its function, kidney diseases, kidney failure, and transplantation.  From the main page, click on “Health Topics” to be taken to an alphabetic listing.  You can also access a medical encyclopedia and medical dictionary from this site.


Virtual Hospital – This site comes from the University of Iowa Healthcare System.  From the main page you can access information for providers from medical textbooks by topic (kidney), by specialty (internal medicine), or by body system (kidney and urinary system).  There is also the option of accessing information for consumers, but this would be much more general.


HealthLink - Originating from the Medical College of Wisconsin, this site contains articles on kidney diseases from their newsletter for last five years. – – This is a searchable site for providers.  There is a database of peer-reviewed papers on health-related topics.  Just click on “Advanced Search” from the opening page and enter your search terms in the query box.


When writing your paper, you will find several writing and citation style manuals linked from the library homepage.  Click on “Reference” in the left menu.  Scroll down and click on “Reference Resources,” and then “Writing Resources.”